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Baobab (Adansonia digitata)

A deciduous tree that can reach up to 25 meters in height, the baobab provides beauty, shade, and food. Young leaves and tender shoots are rich in calcium and other nutrients.

Common Names
Baobab, monkey-bread tree, dead-rat tree, cream-of-tartar tree (En); calebassier du Sénégal, arbre de mille ans, pain de singe (Fr); baobab, árbol botella (Sp); 猢猻木 (Cn)

Plant Distribution
Tropical Africa, Indian Ocean islands, Arabian Peninsula

Edible Parts
Young leaves and tender shoots are eaten raw, boiled or stir-fried, or dried and powdered to thicken soup and sauce. Flowers are also eaten raw, and seeds raw or roasted to thicken soup, or fermented.

Health Values
Beta-carotene: medium; vitamin E: medium; riboflavin: medium; folic acid: medium; ascorbic acid: extremely high; calcium: high; iron: medium; protein: 3.6%. Leaves contain mucilage, and older leaves develop tannins.

Read more: Baobab from Discovering Indigenous Treasures: Promising Indigenous Vegetables from Around the World. 2009. AVRDC – The World Vegetable Center.