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India’s chili value chain / Mungbean makes a mark outside Asia / Proof on the plate in Zanzibar

December 2017

Does protected cultivation have a place in sub-Saharan Africa?

Producing peppers in a screenhouse in Tanzania. Which protective cultivation methods are suitable for smallholders?

With knowledge and practice, small-scale farmers can successfully adopt protected cultivation methods in sub-Saharan Africa. A review examines the performance, profitability, and impact of the technologies designed to control the production environment.

Are low-tech protected cultivation techniques adapted to the sustainable production of vegetables by smallholders in sub-Saharan Africa? A team of researchers from the World Vegetable Center, CIRAD, International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (icipe), L’Institut Sénégalais de Recherche Agricole (ISRA), and Campus Agro-environnemental Caraïbe reviewed the agronomic, economic, and environmental performance of low-tech protected cultivation techniques in sub-Saharan Africa and recommend a measured way forward.

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TOP STORIES

2017 Seed & Seedling Festival

It was a great day: The sun was shining and the vegetables came out to play! The annual Seed & Seedling Festival hosted by the Tainan District Agricultural Research and Extension Station (DARES) in Xinhua, Taiwan delighted thousands of visitors who attended the event on Saturday, 25 November 2017.

The benefits of WorldVeg tomato breeding

World Vegetable Center breeding programs produce the materials national research institutes need to bring new resilient and productive varieties to farmers.

Doing Things Differently in Djalé

The small village of Djalé, located in the Sikasso region of Mali, is the perfect example of a community determined to overcome malnutrition and poverty. 

World Vegetable Center receives grants from Germany

The World Vegetable Center (WorldVeg) is pleased to announce it has received two grants from Germany’s Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) to support vegetable research and development activities in Tanzania and Kenya.

Zanzibar’s traditional tastes

Residents of Tasani, Chaani Kubwa and Fuoni villages sampled some tasty dishes prepared with traditional vegetables during three field days and cook shows held from 19-26 October 2017 as part of the Home Garden Scaling Project.

The challenges of chili production and marketing

WorldVeg South Asia staff Devender Pal Kaur, Ramashray Dubey and Souradeep Acharjee discovered first-hand the complexities of the chili value chain during a study trip from 13-14 November 2017 in Andhra Pradesh, India.

Mungbean makes news from West Africa to Australia

Mungbean has long been a popular crop in Asia, but other parts of the world are beginning to take greater notice of this nutritious legume.

Does protected cultivation have a place in sub-Saharan Africa?

A review of the transfer of protected cultivation methods into the region raises questions about performance, profitability, and environmental impact.

CORNUCOPIA

HAVE YOU READ...

Tapping the economic and nutritional power of vegetables

This groundbreaking review by Pepijn Schreinemachers, Emmy B. Simmons, and Marco Wopereis points to the urgent need for greater public and private investment in vegetable crop research. Global Food Security, 4 September 2017. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gfs.2017.09.005


World Vegetable Center Strategy 2017-2025

Over the past year, World Vegetable Center staff, board members, and partners embarked on a series of meetings and discussions to develop a new strategy that better orients the Center to realize the immense potential of vegetables to improve nutrition and incomes. This nine-year strategy introduces a new structure in which discovery research, piloting innovations, and scaling best technologies and practices continuously inform and improve the Center’s work and impact.

WORLDVEG IN THE NEWS

The World Vegetable Center Genebank
TVBS (Chinese)
29 November 2017

Project Seeks to Cut Use of Chemicals in Agriculture
Vientiane Times, Laos
21 November 2017

Health benefits from eating fruit and vegetables
Daily News, Tanzania
8 November 2017

BRIEFING

52nd Board of Directors Meeting and 2017 Global R & D Week

The World Vegetable Center Board of Directors held its 52nd meeting in conjunction with the 2017 Global R & D Week, 4-8 December 2017 at WorldVeg headquarters in Taiwan. The dual event gave board members the opportunity to interact with staff, engage in meaningful discussions, and provide perspective on the Center's new direction.  Board members David Sammons (USA), Dae Geun Oh (Korea), Takashi Hamada (Japan) and Vivencio Mamaril (Philippines) completed their terms. The Center is grateful for their service and thoughtful advice over the years. Incoming members are Myoung Rae Cho, Director General, Department of Horticultural Crop Research, National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science Rural Development Administration (Korea); George Culaste, OIC-Director Bureau of Plant Industry, Department of Agriculture (Philippines); Bonnie McClafferty, Director, Food Value Chain, GAIN (USA); and Shigehiro Nishiumi, Deputy Representative, Japan-Taiwan Exchange Association (Japan).

RECENT RESEARCH

Ochieng J, Afari-Sefa V, Lukumay PJ, Dubois T. 2017. Determinants of dietary diversity and the potential role of men in improving household nutrition in Tanzania. PLoS ONE 12(12): e0189022. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0189022

Thibault Nordey,Claudine Basset-Mens, Hubert De Bon,Thibaud Martin, Emilie Déletré, Serge Simon, Laurent Parrot, Hugo Despretz, Joël Huat, Yannick Biard, Thomas Dubois, Eric Malézieux. 2017. Protected cultivation of vegetable crops in sub-Saharan Africa: limits and prospects for smallholders. A review. AGRONOMY FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, 37, 53. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs13593-017-0460-8

Sita, K., Sehgal, A., HanumanthaRao, B., Nair, R.M., Vara Prasad, P.V., Kumar, S., Farroq, M., Siddique, K.H.M.,Varshney, R.V., Nayyar, H. (2017). Food legumes and rising temperatures: Effects, adaptive functional mechanisms specific to reproductive growth stage and strategies to improve heat tolerance. FRONTIERS IN PLANT SCIENCE. 8:1658. PDF

Rajendran, S., Afari-Sefa, V., Shee, A., Bocher, T., Bekunda, M., Inviolate dominick, Lukumay, P.J. (2017). Does crop diversity contribute to dietary diversity? Evidence from integration of vegetables into maize-based farming systems. AGRICULTURE AND FOOD SECURITY. 6:50PDF

Mariyono, J., Kuntariningsih, A., Dewi, H.A., Latifah, E., Daroini, P.B., Negoro, A.A., Afari-sefa, V., Luther, G. (2017). Pathway analysis of vegetable farming commercialization. ECONOMIC JOURNAL OF EMERGING MARKETS. 9(2):115-124. PDF

Sikirou, R., Beed, F., Ezin, V., Hoteigni, J., Miller, S.A. (2017). Distribution, pathological and biochemical characterization of Ralstonia solanacearum in Benin. ANNALS OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES. 62(1):83-88. PDF

Khadka, R.B., Marasini, M., Rawal, R., Gautam, D.M., Acedo, A.L., Jr. (2017). Effects of variety and postharvest handling practices on microbial population at different stages of the value chain of Fresh Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) inwestern Terai of Nepal. BIOMED RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL. 2017:7148076. PDF

Schreinemachers, P., Simmons, E.B., Wopereis, M.C.S. (2017). Tapping the economic and nutritional power of vegetables. GLOBAL FOOD SECURITY online. PDF

Manasa, R., Rameshraddy, Bindumadhava, H., Nair, R.M., Prasad, T.G., Shankar, A.G. (2017). Screening mungbean (Vigna radiata L.) lines for salinity tolerance using salinity induction response technique at seedling and physiological growth assay at whole plant level. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PLANT, ANIMAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES. 7(4):1-12. PDF

NEW PROJECTS

Nudging children toward healthier diets

A new WorldVeg study funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and UK aid will test the hypothesis that school garden programs can nudge children aged 8-12 toward healthier diets. The project builds on an existing WorldVeg school garden program (including hands-on gardening and nutrition education), but adds a home garden component that trains parents in gardening and nutrition—and encourages parents and children to work together to improve family nutrition. Using a combination of quantitative and qualitative methods, the study will provide a deeper understanding of the mechanisms through which school-based interventions can influence children’s food choices. The two-year, USD 270,000 study will be conducted in Nepal with the Nepal Agricultural Research Council (NARC), Asia Network for Sustainable Agriculture and Bioresources (ANSAB), and Leibniz Institute of Vegetable and Ornamental Crops (IGZ).

VISITORS

VISITORS: Oct – Nov – Dec

December 15th, 2017|Comments Off on VISITORS: Oct – Nov – Dec

VISITORS: Oct - Nov - Dec 2017 25 October 2017: 43 students from National Tainan First Senior High School (TNFSH) at WorldVeg HQ. 2 November 2017: 12 visitors led [...]

WELCOME

Edoh Ognakossan Kukom (Togo) joined WorldVeg in November 2017 as the Production and Postharvest Specialist for the USAID-funded Mali Horticulture Scaling Project. Edoh has more than 7 years of experience in agricultural research working on postharvest management of staple crops. His research interests include participatory development, testing and transfer of innovations that focus on reducing losses and adding value along value chains of common staple foods. Prior to joining the World Vegetable Center, he was a research fellow under the RELOAD (Reduction of Postharvest Losses and Value Addition in East African Food Value Chains) project at icipe (Kenya). He also has done a variety of consultancy assignments with the Natural Resources Institutes, University of Greenwich under the African Postharvest Losses Information System (APHLIS) project. He previously worked as a research assistant in the Postharvest Management and Food Safety Department of the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) in Benin.

Lutz Depenbusch (Germany) joined the World Vegetable Center in November 2017 to work in the Center’s impact evaluation team. Lutz obtained his PhD in Economics as part of the GlobalFood research training program at the University of Goettingen, funded by the German Research Foundation. As part of his PhD he conducted quantitative research on gender-based price discrimination in Central Kenyan vegetable markets. Lutz holds a Bachelor in Economics from the University of Erfurt and a Master of Arts in Development Economics from the University of Goettingen. He participated in exchange programs with St. Paul University/University of Ottawa in Canada, and the University of Stellenbosch in South Africa.

Maarten van Zonneveld (The Netherlands) joined WorldVeg in November 2017 to manage the Center’s genebank operations. From 2006 – 2013 he worked on ex situ and in situ conservation and sustainable use of genetic resources of crops and tree species in South America with Bioversity International, Colombia. From 2013 – 2017 he worked in Central America with Bioversity International, Costa Rica on conservation of plant genetic resources and in participatory research with farmers and forest communities for climate change adaptation, varietal selection, and seed testing. Maarten supported national institutions from Bolivia and Peru in expanding their national Capsicum pepper collections, and in the screening and regeneration to strengthen these important and diverse collections. He has experience with the International Treaty and the Nagoya protocol. Maarten has a background in GIS and in diversity analysis to screen plant genetic resources.

CONTRIBUTORS

PVL Barathi, Kathy Chen, Narinder Dhillon, Warwick Easdown, Peter Hanson, Vanna Liu, Ramakrishnan Nair, Srinivasan Ramasamy, Ralph Roothaert, Pepijn Schreinemachers

DONORS

Support for World Vegetable Center activities provided by project donors and the following core donors:

  • Republic of China (ROC)
  • UK aid
  • United States Agency for International Development (USAID)
  • Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR)
  • Germany
  • Thailand
  • Philippines
  • Korea
  • Japan

CONSIDER THIS

If we focus on agriculture as our path to prosperity, we can build a strong Africa that is able to feed itself.  ― HE Kofi Annan

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