New regional office in West Africa / Identifying pests and diseases in Tanzania / VIDEO: Women vegetable growers in India speak for themselves
ASEAN members experience agriculture in Taiwan
ASEAN members experience agriculture in Taiwan
Representatives from nine member countries of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) got a closer look at the horticultural practices and policies of Taiwan during the 12th Steering Committee Meeting of the ASEAN-AVRDC Regional Network for Vegetable Research and Development (AARNET), held 23-25 May 2017 at World Vegetable Center headquarters.
ASEAN cooperation in agriculture dates back as early as 1968, with the start of joint activities in food production and supply. AARNET, which has been active since 1998, was established to foster partnerships to address opportunities for vegetable research and development in Southeast Asia, a region with a population of 625 million people. Agriculture is a key engine of regional economic growth, and although several ASEAN countries rank as top global exporters in products such as rice, fruit, vegetables and coffee, the region is challenged by issues such as availability of adapted seed, plant pests and diseases, malnutrition, food safety and distribution.
Although many smallholder farmers in India raise their own seedlings, there has been a gradual move toward purchasing seedlings from commercial nurseries, where plants can be grown in protected conditions. WorldVeg brought nursery industry representatives together to develop best practices for seedling production. --MORE--
Forty-seven farmers and village extension officers were taught how to identify Tuta absoluta and recognize the damage symptoms it causes compared with other types of leaf miners during a training session held by WorldVeg, Real IPM and A to Z on 25-26 May 2017 in Babati, Tanzania. --MORE--
WorldVeg, Hellen Keller International, and representatives from Zanzibar’s ministries of Health and Agriculture, Natural Resources, Livestock, and Fisheries held a series of planning meetings and cook shows in 12 villages identified for USAID-funded Home Garden Scaling Project activities from 9-28 April 2017 in Unguja district. --MORE--
A USAID Health Team led by Fatimata Ouattara, Project Manager Specialist at USAID Health in Bamako, recently visited the WorldVeg Sirakoroba Vegetable Technology Immersion Cluster (VTIC) in Sikasso, Mali, where WorldVeg is efficiently integrating agriculture, nutrition, WASH (water, sanitation and hygiene) and health through the USAID/Mali Scaling project. --MORE--
A mungbean learning alliance established in 2015 under the BMZ-funded “Beans with Benefits” project is bringing together researchers, farmers, extension workers, brokers, processors, millers, input suppliers and marketers to discuss issues related to mungbean production in Pakistan. --MORE--
The World Vegetable Center is pleased to announce the appointment of Dr. Julie Howard (USA), Prof. Richard Ellis (UK), and Dr. Hsueh-Shih Lin (Taiwan) to the Center’s Board of Directors. --MORE--
To address food and nutrition security over a broader area in West Africa, the World Vegetable Center has established a new regional office for West and Central Africa – Coastal and Humid Regions in Cotonou, Benin. Dr. Victor Afari-Sefa, WorldVeg socioeconomist, was appointed as regional director. --MORE--
WorldVeg will work on five morphological characterization datasets and one resistance evaluation dataset, which represent significant information relevant for breeding and other research.
This research study seeks to understand the impact of low-cost cooling and storage solutions in helping farmers reduce postharvest losses for vegetables.
Enable a sustainable increase in incomes of smallholder tribal farmers in CInI target areas by diversifying into or expanding vegetable production.
Surveys were conducted in 2014 and 2015 in Southern and Northern Benin, respectively, to identify the viruses infecting peppers (Capsicum spp.). The samples were screened by ELISA for cucumber mosaic virus (CMV), pepper veinal mottle virus (PVMV), potato virus Y (PVY) and tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV). A generic reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR) was used to test for the presence of poleroviruses. ELISA tests confirmed the prevalence of all viruses, while the RT-PCR detected pepper vein yellows virus (PeVYV) which is reported for the first time in Benin. A further, divergent polerovirus isolate was detected from a single pepper sample originating from southern Benin. Screening of samples collected from solanaceous plants during virus surveys in Mali (conducted in 2009) also detected this divergent polerovirus isolate in two samples from African eggplants. The complete genome sequence was obtained from the Mali isolate using transcriptome sequencing and by conventional Sanger sequencing of overlapping RT-PCR products. Based on the sequence characteristics of this isolate we propose a new polerovirus species, African eggplant yellowing virus (AeYV).
Governance structures in smallholder pig value chains in Uganda: Constraints and opportunities for upgrading
This paper analyses governance structures in Uganda’s smallholder pig value chains by applying the New Institutional Economics framework. It utilises cross sectional and qualitative survey data from randomly selected pig value chain actors in 4 districts. The findings indicate that most relationships at the pig production node of the value chain are based on spot market governance structures supported by personal relationships and trust. High integration levels of the pig traders are positively influenced by access to market information, value of investments in the value chain, and dedicated asset specificity in terms of backyard slaughter premises.
An ethnographic study was conducted in Tamale, Northern Ghana, to understand whether vegetable gardening was a sustainable form of intensification. The study found that urbanization has prompted an increase in the cultivation of highly profitable vegetables like cabbage. However, they are irrigated with grey and waste water while eaten raw. This, and the use of pesticides in high dosages, poses health and environmental hazards.
This study determined the level of phytonutrients in mungbean and soybean sprouts compared to mature mungbean grain and vegetable soybean. Sprouting mungbean enhanced vitamin C content 2.7-fold compared to mature mungbean grain. The vegetable soybean stage was superior to soybean sprouts in terms of content of protein (14% increase), Zn (45%), Ca (72%), and Fe (151%). Isoflavones, reported to have beneficial effects on human health, are found at high concentrations in soybean sprouts.
The combined effect of school gardens linked to complementary lessons and promotional activities on the eating behavior and nutritional status of 9- to 15-year-old schoolchildren in Bhutan was studied. Data from 468 schoolchildren in 9 control and 9 treatment schools was collected following a randomized controlled trial design. We found that the school gardening intervention significantly increased children’s awareness about vegetables, their knowledge about sustainable agriculture, and their preferences for healthier foods. There was an 11.7-percentage point increase in the probability that children included vegetables in their meals (p < 0.05), but not in the number of different fruits or vegetables consumed.
Priyakshi Buragohain has been accepted as PhD graduate student for 30 months (1 April 2017 - 30 September 2019) at WorldVeg South Asia in Hyderabad, India.
Karthikeyan joined WorldVeg as a Scientific Officer - Legume Breeding on 3 May 2017 and is based at the South Asia office in Hyderabad, India.
PVL Bharathi, Roman Fortunatus, Regine Kamga, Radegunda Kessy, Sher Nabi Khan, P Ashish Kumar, Alaik Laizer, Adrienne Mak, M Ravishankar, Rehana Shaik, Caroline Sobgui, Never Zekeya
Support for World Vegetable Center activities provided by project donors and the following core donors:
- Republic of China (ROC)
- UK aid
- United States Agency for International Development (USAID)
- Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR)