Correctly identifying pests and diseases is the first step in safe control.
Insect pheromones can be used to monitor, mass-trap, and/or disrupt the mating process of insect pests. Such traps are highly effective in reducing the damage and yield losses caused by monophagous insects such as eggplant fruit and shoot borer (Leucinodes orbonalis), as demonstrated in the Indo-Gangetic Plains of South Asia by the World Vegetable Center.
Land use intensification, commercialization and changes in pest management of smallholder upland agriculture in Thailand.
Greater investment is needed in the development of integrated pest management in the long-term, and health problems may be reduced in the short-term by raising awareness among farmers regarding the risks they are exposing themselves to, as well as by promoting good agricultural practices.
Tuta absoluta is a recent arrival in East Africa and it poses serious threats to vegetable producers, especially tomato growers. AVRDC hosted a workshop to inform and educate government and private sector partners about control options.